The state of Bahia presents one of the most interesting and diversified geological frameworks in Brazil. Practically the entire state is contained in San Francisco craton and its marginal bend bands. The São Francisco craton is an important geotectonic and metallogenetic unit, which constitutes the largest segment of continental crust in South America. This geotectonic unit accounts for about 25% of the country's mineral production. São Francisco craton allows the study (i) of metamorphic land of high, medium and low degrees; (ii) The role of the magmatic activity (volcanic-plutonic) in crustal addition; (iii) The sedimentary covers that constitute a memory of Compressional episodes affecting this crustal block; (iv) of the collisional processes occurring during the Neoproterozoic in their marginal ranges and (v) of the metallogenetic processes associated with the geodynamic phenomena mentioned above.
On the other hand, state of Bahia has the most extensive coastline in country, with the coastal zone presenting a wide variety of ecosystems and sedimentation environments, including (i) the most important Coraline buildings in South Atlantic; (ii) estuaries and stalls; (iii) Plains of coastal cords; (iv) Mangroves and, (v) Dunes, which possess a complex evolutionary history, modulated by climatic variations and the relative level of the sea during the Quaternary.
Bahia needs to inventory and explore the mineral, energy and other renewable and non-renewable natural resources present in the important Geotectonic unit that is São Francisco craton, in addition to its coastal zone.
In view of the above, it was decided to create the graduate course in Geology in 1976, in principle at Master level, with areas of concentration in economic geology and sedimentology. Given the good fruits harvested, it was decided to implement the doctoral level already in 1992, and the same areas of concentration were maintained. From 2004, with a significant reformulation in the curricular structure of the course, three concentration areas were implemented, as defined: Marine, coastal and sedimentary geology, petrology, metallogenesis and Mineral exploration and geology Environmental, hydrogeology and water resources. With such changes, it is hoped to adapt the graduate course in geology to the society current demands, with the objective of training specialists and conducting researches that promote the search and utilization of the natural resources of the State, and at the same time, better develop their actions in area of scientific culture to enable solutions to critical environmental conflicts involving the use of these resources.
It should be emphasized that throughout its existence, a significant number of specialists were graduated, involving technicians from private and state institutions, professors from others and from the institution itself, as well as newly undergraduated students from UFBA and other Universities in the country.